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The Pantheon is a former Roman temple that is now a church, known as the Basilica of St. Mary and the Martyrs (Basilica di Santa Maria ad Martyres). It was originally commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD) and completed around 27 BC. However, the original structure was destroyed by fire in 80 AD. The current building was rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian between 118 and 128 AD.

The name "Pantheon" comes from the Ancient Greek words "pan" (meaning "all") and "theos" (meaning "gods"), signifying that the temple was dedicated to all the gods of ancient Rome. The Pantheon's design and engineering are remarkable for its time, with its massive dome being one of the largest unreinforced concrete domes in the world.

Tips for Visitors:
1. Opening Hours: The Pantheon is generally open to visitors from Monday to Saturday, 8:30 am to 7:30 pm, and on Sundays, 9:00 am to 6:00 pm. However, it's essential to verify the current operating hours before your visit, as they may change due to events or religious ceremonies.

2. Entrance Fee: There is no entrance fee to visit the Pantheon, making it one of Rome's must-see attractions that are free of charge.

3. Dress Code: As the Pantheon is now a church, visitors are expected to dress modestly. Avoid wearing sleeveless tops, shorts, or mini-skirts when visiting this religious site.

4. Photography: Photography is allowed inside the Pantheon, but be considerate of others and avoid using flash, especially during religious services.

5. Time Your Visit: The Pantheon can get crowded, especially during peak tourist seasons. Consider visiting early in the morning or later in the afternoon to avoid the largest crowds.

6. Guided Tours: While you can explore the Pantheon on your own, joining a guided tour can provide you with more in-depth historical and architectural insights.

7. Nearby Attractions: The Pantheon is conveniently located in the heart of Rome, and there are many other attractions nearby, such as Piazza Navona, Trevi Fountain, and the Spanish Steps. Plan your day to explore these sights together.

8. Respectful Behavior: Remember that the Pantheon is a place of worship for some, so maintain a respectful demeanor while inside.

The Pantheon is not only a historical marvel but also an active place of worship, making it a unique and spiritually significant site to visit during your trip to Rome. Enjoy your exploration of this ancient wonder!