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National Archaeological Museum

The National Archaeological Museum of Italy, also known as Museo Archeologico Nazionale, is located in Naples, Italy. It is one of the most important archaeological museums in the world and is home to an extensive collection of artifacts from ancient Rome, Greece, and other civilizations.

The museum was founded in 1777 by King Charles VII of Naples and Sicily. Initially, it was established as a university museum, but it later expanded to become a national museum. Over the years, the collection grew through excavations, donations, and acquisitions, making it a significant repository of archaeological treasures.

The museum boasts a vast collection of artifacts, including sculptures, mosaics, frescoes, pottery, and jewelry. Some of the highlights include the Farnese Collection, which includes famous sculptures like the Farnese Hercules and the Farnese Bull, as well as the Secret Cabinet, displaying a collection of erotic art from Pompeii. The museum also houses a large collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts and the Herculaneum Papyri, which are ancient scrolls recovered from the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum.

Tips for Visitors:
1. Plan your visit: The museum is quite large, so it is advisable to plan your visit in advance and prioritize the exhibits you would like to see the most.
2. Audio guide: Consider renting an audio guide or joining a guided tour to enhance your understanding of the artifacts and their historical significance.
3. The Secret Cabinet: Keep in mind that the Secret Cabinet, containing erotic art, has restricted access. Visitors must be at least 14 years old, and an additional ticket is required.
4. Photography: Photography is allowed in most parts of the museum but is prohibited in the Secret Cabinet and some temporary exhibitions. Make sure to respect the rules and guidelines.
5. Opening hours: The museum is generally open from Tuesday to Sunday, but it is advisable to check the official website for the most up-to-date information on opening hours and any special exhibitions or closures.

Visiting the National Archaeological Museum in Italy is a fascinating experience that offers a glimpse into the rich history and art of ancient civilizations. Don't miss the opportunity to explore this treasure trove of archaeological wonders during your visit to Naples.

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