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Nicosia, the capital city of Cyprus, is a vibrant and historic destination that offers a blend of ancient and modern attractions. Here is some important information about Nicosia for tourists:

History: Nicosia has a rich history that dates back to the Bronze Age. It has been influenced by various civilizations, including the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Crusaders, Venetians, Ottomans, and British. The city is known for its well-preserved Venetian walls, which were built in the 16th century to protect Nicosia from Ottoman invasions.

Attractions: The walled city of Nicosia is divided into two parts, the Greek Cypriot south and the Turkish Cypriot north. The historic center of Nicosia, known as "Old Nicosia" or "Laiki Geitonia," is a must-visit. It is filled with narrow streets, traditional houses, cafes, and shops selling local crafts.

The main attractions in Nicosia include the iconic Ledra Street, which is a bustling pedestrianized shopping street, and the Cyprus Museum, housing a vast collection of archaeological artifacts from across the island. The Venetian walls are also worth exploring, and you can walk along them for panoramic views of the city.

Tips for tourists: When visiting Nicosia, it is advisable to have your passport with you, as you may need to present it when crossing the border between the Greek and Turkish parts of the city. The border crossing at Ledra Street is open for pedestrians, but do check the current status before planning your visit.

For those interested in history and culture, consider visiting the Buyuk Han, an Ottoman-era inn that now houses shops and cafes, and the Selimiye Mosque, a former cathedral converted into a mosque during the Ottoman period.

Nicosia is also known for its vibrant food scene, offering a variety of traditional Cypriot dishes. Don't miss the opportunity to try local delicacies such as halloumi cheese, souvlaki, and traditional sweets like loukoumades.

Overall, Nicosia is a city where history and modernity coexist, offering visitors a unique cultural experience. Whether you are interested in exploring ancient ruins, shopping for local crafts, or indulging in delicious cuisine, Nicosia has something to offer for every traveler.